Despite the fact that many of his most popular songs dealt with life below the Mason-Dixon line, Stephen Foster was not a Southern symnpathizer and had, in fact, spent almost no time in the South. Thus it should come as no surprise that he was an ardent Unionist. "That's What's The Matter" was his only musical statement about the conflict, the end of which he did not live to see.

"That's What's The Matter"